Moravian Karst is one of the most important karst area of Central Europe. In the area of Moravian Karst, there are more than 1100 caverns and gorges. But only 4 caves of the all number are open to public. There are Punkvevní jeskyně (Punkva Caves) with their underground river – during the cruise you can see there the bottom of the famous Macocha Abyss. Another cave is Kateřinská jeskyně (Catherine’s Cave) with its unique limestone columns. The Balcarka Cave is full of colorful stalactitic decoration. Sloupsko-šošůvské jeskyně (Sloup-Šošůvka Caves) are made by huge corridors and underground gorges.
Remarkable valleys called Pustý žleb (Desert Valley) and Suchý žleb (Dry Valley) are very typical for Moravian Karst; there is also stream called Bílá voda (White Water) coming into the caves and Amatérská jeskyně (Amateur Cave, 34 km long) which is not open to public. Very remarkable for all visitors is view to Macocha Abyss from two platforms – the Upper and Lower foot bridge. In the central part of Moravian Karst, Rudické propadání (Rudice Sink) is the main place to visit, where river called Jedovnický potok suddenly disappears into the caves and comes out in Býčí skála (Bull Rock Cave) close to village Josefov after its 12 km long mysterious journey.
Since 1956, due to its extraordinary karst phenomena and precious fauna and flora, the Moravian Karst has been protected area. Already in this year it became the Protected Landscape Area of Moravian Karst. In addition, most valuable parts are extra protected in 14 Nature Reserves, where you can find living and non-living parts of nature as well. For example, Cortusa Mathiolli lives only on the bottom of Macocha Abyss. The karst area is also wintering place for bats – typical representatives of cave fauna in Moravian Karst.
The Protected Landscape Area (PLA) Moravian Karst has about 92 km2. In summer, we recommend to make a reservation for tickets to caves. Most exposed parts of PLA, valleys called Pustý žleb and Suchý žleb are closed to all car traffic. Instead, there is an ecological public transport – road-trains and cableway.
The Moravian Karst area is literally interlaced with many tourist foot trails. One of them, the Green Mark, goes from railway station in Blansko to Skalní mlýn (Rock Mill). There is also Yellow Mark coming here from Sloup (Sloup-Šošůvka Caves). Near the Upper Bridge at Macocha Abyss, this Yellow Mark joins the Red one coming down to Rudice.
The part from Skalní mlýn (Rock Mill) to Punkevní jeskyně (Punkva Caves) is connected by the ecological road-train. From the Punkva Caves train station the cableway goes up to Macocha Abyss Plateau. The train and cableway run in connection with entries to Punkva Caves. You can buy entrance tickets to caves and fare for ecological transport at Information Center in Skalní mlýn (Rock Mill). Another way to go there is using coach from Blansko-railway station to Skalní mlýn.